Referenser för skrivprojektet Örter för Livet. Exklusive vissa referenser som du hittar i samband med respektive läkeväxt i böckerna.

Fytoterapi, monografier, cyklopedier och farmakopéer

African Herbal Pharmacopoeia. Brendler T et al. Graphic Press Ltd., Mauritius, 2010.

British Herbal Compendium Volume 1–2, Companion to the British Herbal Pharmacopoeia. Bradley P et al. Scientific Committee, British Herbal Medicine Association, United Kingdom, 1992 (2019), 2006.

Chinese Herbal Remedies. Leung AY. Universe Pub, USA, 1984.

Essentials of Chinese Materia Medica and Medical Formulas – New Century Traditional Chinese Medicine. Xi S, Gong Y. United Kingdom, USA, Academic Press, 2017.

Foundations of Health – The Liver & Digestive Herbal. Hobbs C. Botanica Press, USA, 1992.

Fytomedicin – En fickhandbok om medicinalväxter. Juneby HB. Artaromaförlaget, 1999.

Herbal Drugs and Phyopharmaceuticals – A Handbook for Practice on a Scientific Basis (Teedrogen und Phytopharmaka. Ein Handbuch fȕr die praxis auf Wissenschaftlicher) Wichtl, Max (Ed.). Translated from German by Brinkmann J A, and Lindenmaier M P. Medpharm GmbH Scientific Publishers, Germany, 2004.

Herbal Medicines, 3rd Edition. Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Pharmaceutical Press, United Kingdom, 2007.

Jade Remedies – A Chinese Herbal Reference for the West, Vol 1–2. Holmes P. Snow Lotus Press, USA, 1996, 1997.

Leung’s Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, Third Edition. Khan I A., Abourashed E A. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., USA, 2010.

Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Dabur Research Foundation, Dabur Ayurvet Limited, Williamson E M. Churchill Livingstone, United Kingdom, 2002.

Medicinal Mushrooms. Hobbs C, L.Ac. Botanica Press, USA, 1995.

Nutritional Herbology – A reference Guide to herbs. Pedersen M. Whitman Company, USA, 1994.

Physicians’ Desk Reference for Herbal Medicines. Medical Economics Company, USA, 2000.

Phytopharmacy: An Evidence-Based Guide to herbal Medicinal Products. Edwards SE, da Costa Rocha I, Williamson E M, Heinrich M. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, United Kingdom, 2015.

Potter’s Herbal Cyclopedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations. Williamson E M. C.W. Daniel Company Limited, United Kingdom, 2003.

The Complete Medicinal Herbal – A practical guide to the healing properties of herbs, with more than 250 remedies for common ailments. Ody P. Dorling Kindersley, Inc., USA, 1993.

The Modern Herbal Dispensatory. Easly T, Horne S. North Atalantic Books, USA, 2016.

The Review of Natural Products, Sixth Edition. Dermarderoisa A, Beutler JA. Wolters Kluwer Health, USA, 2010.

Våra läkande växter – En naturlig väg till ett friskare liv. Heimo R. Bokförlaget Prisma, 2001.

WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants. Volume 1–4, plus Commonly Used in the Newly Independent States (NIS). World Health Organization, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2009, 2010.

Örtmedicin – Naturens läkande kraft. McMullen M. Mic McMullen, 2006.

Farmakognosi, grunderna inom fytoterapi och traditionell växtmedicin

Drugs of Natural Origin, 7th revised edition. Samuelsson G, Bohlin L. Apotekarsocieteten, 2015.

Fundamentals of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, Second Edition. Heinrich M, Barnes J, Prieto Garcia J M, Gibbons S, Williamson E M. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, Ltd., USA, 2012.

Medical Herbalism – The Science and Practice of Herbal Medicine. Hoffmann D. Healing Arts Press, USA, 2003.

Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy – Modern Herbal Medicine, Second Edition. Bone K, Mills S. Churchill Livingstone, Elsevier, USA, 2013.

Trease and Evans Pharmacognocy, 16th edition. Evans, WC., Evans D. Churchill Livingstone, Elsevier, United Kingdom, 2009.

Riskvärdering, kontraindikationer, läkemedelsinteraktioner, toxicitet, innehåll


Essential Oil Safety, Second Edition. Tisserand R, Young R. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, Ltd., USA, 2014.

Hazard assessment of glycyrrhizic acid from liquorice. Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food and Environment (VKM), Norway, 2018.

Herbal Contraindications and Drug Interactions plus Herbal Adjuncts with Medicines. Brinker F. Eclectic Medical Publications, USA, 2010.

Kumarin i kanel:

Potential Herb-Drug Interactions for Commonly Used Herbs. MediHerb, 2020.

Public statement on the on the use of herbal medicinal products containing thujone. European Medicines Agency, Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC), EMA/HMPC/732886/2010 Rev.11, 2012.

Public statement on the use of herbal medicinal products containing toxic, unsaturated pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) including recommendations regarding contamination of herbal medicinal products with Pas. European Medicines Agency, Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC), EMA/HMPC/893108/2011 Rev. 1, 2021.

Riskvärdering av lakrits i kosttillskott. Livsmedelsverket, 2013.

Stockley’s Herbal Medicines Interactions. Williamson E M, Driver S, Baxter K. Pharmaceutical Press, Royal Pharmaceutical Society, United Kingdom, 2013.

The Essential Guide to Herbal Safety. Bone K, Mills S. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, USA, 2005.

Växtbaserade kosttillskott och vissa teer under graviditet och amning, Kunskapsöversikt. Livsmedelsverket, 2021.

Övriga referenser, riskvärdering:

Akhter M. 2017. Herbal Drug Interactions. 10.4018/978-1-5225-2882-1.ch008.

Alsanad SM et al. 2014. Cancer patients at risk of herb/food supplement-drug interactions: a systematic review. Phytother Res. Dec;28(12):1749–55. doi: 10.1002/ptr.5213. PMID: 25158128.

Arnica montana Summary Report. Committee for Veterinary Medicinal Products, The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products, 1999.

Bailey DG et al. 2000. Grapefruit-felodipine interaction: effect of unprocessed fruit and probable active ingredients. Clin Pharmacol Ther. Nov;68(5):468–77. doi: 10.1067/mcp.2000.110774. PMID: 11103749.

Chizzola R. 2015. Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids in Adenostyles alliariae and A. glabra from the Austrian Alps. Nat Prod Commun. Jul;10(7):1179–80. PMID: 26411004.

Colas C et al. 2017. Chemical Modulation of the Human Oligopeptide Transporter 1, hPepT1. Mol Pharm. Dec 4;14(12):4685–4693. doi: 10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.7b00775. PMID: 29111754; PMCID: PMC5826771.

Dasari S et al. 2018. Genetic polymorphism of glutathione S-transferases: Relevance to neurological disorders, Pathophysiology, Volume 25, Issue 4, Pages 285–292, ISSN 0928-4680,

Davenport DM et al. 2005. Modulation of cytochrome P450 enzymes by organosulfur compounds from garlic. Food Chem Toxicol. Dec;43(12):1753–62. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2005.05.018. PMID: 16000231.

Debelle FD et al. 2008. Aristolochic acid nephropathy: a worldwide problem. Kidney Int. Jul;74(2):158–69. doi: 10.1038/ki.2008.129. PMID: 18418355.

Desta Z et al. 2017. Chapter 18 – Pharmacogenetics of Drug Metabolism, Clinical and Translational Science (Second Edition), Academic Press, Pages 327–345, ISBN 9780128021019, CH et al. 2011. Food-drug interactions: grapefruit juice. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. Jan-Mar;115(1):245-50. PMID: 21682192.

Di Lorenzo C et al. 2018. Identification and Quantification of Thujone in a Case of Poisoning Due to Repeated Ingestion of an Infusion of Artemisia Vulgaris L. J Food Sci. Aug;83(8):2257–2264. doi: 10.1111/1750-3841.14273. PMID: 30044501.

Dong X et al. 2016. Emodin: A Review of its Pharmacology, Toxicity and Pharmacokinetics. Phytother Res. Aug;30(8):1207–18. doi: 10.1002/ptr.5631. PMID: 27188216; PMCID: PMC7168079.

Dreger M et al. 2012. Content of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (senecionine and senkirkine) in Tussilago farfara L. plants cultivated in vitro. Herba Polonica. 58. 62–69.

Eagles SK et al. 2020. The Effects of Cruciferous Vegetable-Enriched Diets on Drug Metabolism: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Dietary Intervention Trials in Humans. Clin Pharmacol Ther. Aug;108(2):212–227. doi: 10.1002/cpt.1811. PMID: 32086800.

EFSA’s Compendium of Botanicals,

Frenzel C et al. 2016. Herbal Hepatotoxicity: Clinical Characteristics and Listing Compilation. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 17, no. 5: 588.

Fujita K et al. 2003. Inhibitory effects of citrus fruits on cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) activity in humans. Biol Pharm Bull. Sep;26(9):1371–3. doi: 10.1248/bpb.26.1371. PMID: 12951492.

Garrett BJ et al. 1982. Consumption of poisonous plants (Senecio jacobaea, Symphytum officinale, Pteridium aquilinum, Hypericum perforatum) by rats: chronic toxicity, mineral metabolism, and hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes. Toxicol Lett. Feb;10(2–3):183–8. doi: 10.1016/0378-4274(82)90072-8. PMID: 7080084.

Gupta L.M. et al. 1998. Side effects of some medicinal plants. Current Science. 75. 897–900.

Hamid R et al. 2008. Acute and subchronic oral toxicity of Galega officinalis in rats, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 116, Issue 1, Pages 21–26, ISSN 0378-8741,

Hay AJ et al. 1994. Toxic inhibition of smooth muscle contractility by plant-derived sesquiterpenes caused by their chemically reactive alpha-methylenebutyrolactone functions. Br J Pharmacol. May;112(1):9–12. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1994.tb13020.x. PMID: 8032668; PMCID: PMC1910317.

Hayfaa AA et al. 2013. Evaluation of analgesic activity and toxicity of alkaloids in Myristica fragrans seeds in mice. J Pain Res. Jul 31;6:611–5. doi: 10.2147/JPR.S45591. PMID: 23946667; PMCID: PMC3738253.

Hogan RP 3rd. 1983. Hemorrhagic diathesis caused by drinking an herbal tea. JAMA. May 20;249(19):2679–80. PMID: 6133016.

Hudson A et al. 2018. A Review of the Toxicity of Compounds Found in Herbal Dietary Supplements. Planta Med. Jul;84(9–10):613–626. doi: 10.1055/a-0605-3786. PMID: 29672820.

Jancova P et al. 2010. Phase II drug metabolizing enzymes. Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub. Jun;154(2):103–16. doi: 10.5507/bp.2010.017. PMID: 20668491.

Jaszczak-Wilke E et al. 2021. Amygdalin: Toxicity, Anticancer Activity and Analytical Procedures for Its Determination in Plant Seeds. Molecules. Apr 13;26(8):2253. doi: 10.3390/molecules26082253. PMID: 33924691; PMCID: PMC8069783.

Jelaković B et al. 2019. Balkan Endemic Nephropathy and the Causative Role of Aristolochic Acid. Semin Nephrol.  May;39(3):284–296. doi: 10.1016/j.semnephrol.2019.02.007. PMID: 31054628.

Jensen-Jarolim E et al. 1998. Reider N, Fritsch R, Breiteneder H. Fatal outcome of anaphylaxis to camomile-containing enema during labor: a case study. J Allergy Clin Immunol. Dec;102(6 Pt 1):1041–2. doi: 10.1016/s0091-6749(98)70345-8. PMID: 9847448.

Johnson JR et al. 2009. Effect of maternal raspberry leaf consumption in rats on pregnancy outcome and the fertility of the female offspring. Reprod Sci. Jun;16(6):605–9. doi: 10.1177/1933719109332823. PMID: 19276407.

Knutsen HK et al. 2017. Statement on the risks for human health related to the presence of pyrrolizidine alkaloids in honey, tea, herbal infusions and food supplements. EFSA Journal 2017;15(7):4908, 34 pp.

Kuchta K et al. 2020. Safety of medicinal comfrey cream preparations (Symphytum officinale s.l.): The pyrrolizidine alkaloid lycopsamine is poorly absorbed through human skin. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, Volume 118, 104784, ISSN 0273-2300,

Kurek J. 2018. Cytotoxic Colchicine Alkaloids: From Plants to Drugs. In Cytotoxicity, edited by Tülay Çelik. London: IntechOpen. 10.5772/intechopen.72622.

Lam CS et al. 2020. Herb–drug interactions between the medicinal mushrooms Lingzhi and Yunzhi and cytotoxic anticancer drugs: a systematic review. Chin Med 15.

Lektiner i baljväxter. Livsmedelsverkets rapportserie, Rapport 14 del 2. Strömberg A, Öhrvik V. 2017.

Liang A et al. 2005 General situation of the study on the toxicity of Cinnabaris. Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica. 30. 249–52.

Liska, D. 1998. The Detoxification Enzyme System. Alternative Medicine Review. Vol 3, No 3, p. 187–198.

Loizou GD et al. 2001. The effects of alcohol and diallyl sulphide on CYP2E1 activity in humans: a phenotyping study using chlorzoxazone. Human and Experimental Toxicology 20: 7. 321–7.

Lu Y-F et al. 2011. Evaluation of hepatotoxicity potential of cinnabar-containing An-Gong-Niu-Huang Wan, a patent traditional Chinese medicine, Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, Volume 60, Issue 2, Pages 206–211, ISSN 0273-2300,

Merz KH et al. 2016. Interim relative potency factors for the toxicological risk assessment of pyrrolizidine alkaloids in food and herbal medicines. Toxicol Lett. Nov 30;263:44–57. doi: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2016.05.002. PMID: 27157086.

Minich DM et al. 2019. A Review of Dietary (Phyto)Nutrients for Glutathione Support. Nutrients. Sep 3;11(9):2073. doi: 10.3390/nu11092073. PMID: 31484368; PMCID: PMC6770193.

Miranda CL et al. 1991. Role of cytochrome P450IIIA4 in the metabolism of the pyrrolizidine alkaloid senecionine in human liver. Carcinogenesis. Mar;12(3):515–9. doi: 10.1093/carcin/12.3.515. PMID: 2009596.

Mitra T et al. 2020. Phytochemicals modulate cancer aggressiveness: A review depicting the anticancer efficacy of dietary polyphenols and their combinations. J Cell Physiol. Nov;235(11):7696–7708. doi: 10.1002/jcp.29703. PMID: 32324275.

Morales MA et al. 2009. Is senna laxative use associated to cathartic colon, genotoxicity, or carcinogenicity? J Toxicol. 287247. doi: 10.1155/2009/287247. PMID: 20107583; PMCID: PMC2809429.

Nath D et al. 1992. Commonly used Indian abortifacient plants with special reference to their teratologic effects in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. Apr;36(2):147–54. doi: 10.1016/0378-8741(92)90015-j. PMID: 1608272.

Nedelcheva A et al. 2015. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids in Tussilago farfara from Bulgaria, Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, 29:sup1, S1–S7, doi: 10.1080/13102818.2015.1047149.

Nortier Jl et al. 2000. Urothelial Carcinoma Associated with the Use of a Chinese Herb (Aristolochia fangchi). N Engl J Med, June 8, 342:1686–1692. doi: 10.1056/NEJM200006083422301.

Ociepa-Zawal M et al. 2007. The effect of indole-3-carbinol on the expression of CYP1A1, CYP1B1 and AhR genes and proliferation of MCF-7 cells. Acta Biochim Pol. 54(1):113–7. PMID: 17311112.

Passreiter C et al. 1993. Tussilagine and Isotussilagine: Two Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids in the Genus Arnica 1. Planta medica. 58. 556–7. 10.1055/s-2006-961549.

Saita T et al. 2004. Screening of furanocoumarin derivatives in citrus fruits by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Biol Pharm Bull. Jul;27(7):974–7. doi: 10.1248/bpb.27.974. PMID: 15256725.

Shah P et al. 2012. Toxicity study of ethanolic extract of Acorus calamus rhizome. International Journal of Green Pharmacy. 6. 29–35. 10.4103/0973-8258.97119.

Sigurjónsdóttir HÁ et al. 2015. Lakrits – så mycket mer än godis. Läkartidningen. 2015,112:DC49. Lä

Singh P et al. 2022. A versatile flavonoid Quercetin: Study of its toxicity and differential gene expression in the liver of mice. Phytomedicine Plus, Volume 2, Issue 1, 100148, ISSN 2667-0313,

Sood A et al. 2008. Potential for interactions between dietary supplements and prescription medications. Am J Med. Mar;121(3):207–11. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2007.11.014. PMID: 18328304.

Su X et al. 2021. Cytotoxicity of Mongolian Medicine Aconitum kusnezoffii. Chinese Medicine, 12, 10–18. doi: 10.4236/cm.2021.121002.

Tankeu S et al. 2016. Differentiation between two ”fang ji” herbal medicines, Stephania tetrandra and the nephrotoxic Aristolochia fangchi, using hyperspectral imaging. Phytochemistry. Feb;122:213–222. doi: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2015.11.008. PMID: 26632529.

Thuja occidentalis. Committee for Veterinary Medicinal Products, The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products, 1999.

van Andel I et al. 2003. The health and addiction risk of the glycyrrhizic acid component of liquorice root used in tobacco products. RIVM report 340630001/2003.

Vang O et al. 1991. Induction of cytochrome P-450IA1, IA2, IIB1, IIB2 and IIE1 by broccoli in rat liver and colon. Chem Biol Interact. 78(1):85–96. doi: 10.1016/0009-2797(91)90105-g. PMID: 2009582.

Vidal A et al. 2003. Studies on the toxicity of Punica granatum L. (Punicaceae) whole fruit extracts. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 89, Issues 2–3, Pages 295–300, ISSN 0378-8741,

Wang J et al. 2021. Determination of Toxic Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids in Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicines by UPLC-MS/MS and Accompanying Risk Assessment for Human Health. Molecules. Mar 16;26(6):1648. doi: 10.3390/molecules26061648. PMID: 33809536; PMCID: PMC8000276.

Wilkinson JM. 2000. Effect of ginger tea on the fetal development of Sprague-Dawley rats. Reprod Toxicol. Nov–Dec;14(6):507–12. doi: 10.1016/s0890-6238(00)00106-4. PMID: 11099876.

Xue X et al. 2008. Comparative 28-day repeated oral toxicity of Longdan Xieganwan, Akebia trifoliate (Thunb.) koidz., Akebia quinata (Thunb.) Decne. and Caulis aristolochiae manshuriensis in mice. J Ethnopharmacol. Sep 2;119(1):87–93. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2008.05.037. PMID: 18582552.

Young-Joon Surh. 2002. More Than Spice: Capsaicin in Hot Chili Peppers Makes Tumor Cells Commit Suicide, JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Volume 4, Issue 17, 4 September, Pages 1263–1265,

Övriga böcker, samlingsdokument med flera

A Modern Herbal. Grieve M. Penguin Books Ltd, United Kingdom, 1984.

Ayurveda – A Comprehensive Guide to Traditional Indian Medicine for the West. Ninivaggi FJ, N.D. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., USA, 2010.

Ayurvedic Healing – Contemporary Maharishi Ayurveda Medicine and Healing. Sharma HM. Singing Dragon, United Kingdom, 2012.

Bibeln. Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, Inc., USA, 1992.

Cancer & Natural Medicine: A Textbook of Basic Science and Clinical Research. Boik, J. Princeton, MN; Oregon Medical Press, USA, 1995.

Droger – 1 : Radix, rhizoma, lignum och cortex. Backlund A, professor at Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences, Uppsala universitet.

Eating to Extinction – The World’s Rarest Foods and Why We Need to Save Them. Saladino D. Penguin Books Ltd., United Kingdom, 2021.

Encyclopedia of Islamic Herbal Medicine. Morrow JA. McFarland & Company, Inc, Publishers, USA, 2011.

Extraction technologies for medicinal and aromatic plants. Handa SS, Khanuja S, Longo G, Rakesh DD, International Centre for Science and High Technology. 21–25, 2008.

Functional Foods: Designer Foods, Pharmafoods, Nutraceuticals. Goldberg I. Springer Publishing, USA, 2010.

Fytoterapi, Växtbaserade läkemedel. Sandberg F, Bohlin L. Hälsokostförlagets förlag AB, 1993.

Herbal Emissaries – Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Foster S, Chongxi Y. Healing Arts Press, USA, 1992.

Immunity and Inflammation in Health and Disease – Emerging Roles of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods in Immune Support. Edited by: Chatterjee S, Jungraithmayr W, Bagchi D. Elsevier Inc., USA, 2017.

Immunostimulatory Drugs of Fungi and Higher Plants. Wagner, H and Proksch. Ecorpomic and Medical Plant Research, Academic Press, USA, 1985.

Lignum & Cortex. Backlund A, professor at Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences, Uppsala universitet.

Läkemedelsboken – Växtbaserade läkemedel och naturläkemedel. Claeson P, Edelstam B. 2016.

Maitake – King of Mushrooms. Lieberman S, Babal K. Keiths Publishing. Inc. USA, 1997.

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the Middle-East. Yaniv Z, Dudai N. Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg New York London, 2014.

Naturläkarboken: Behandlingar och läkemedel. Heimo R. Mima Förlag, E-bok, 2019.

Naturläkemedel och växtbaserade läkemedel. Claeson P, Edelstam B. Läkemedelsboken 2011–2012. Apoteket AB.

Näringsmedicinska Uppslagsboken. Wilhelmsson P, B.A, M.A., N.D., ABAAHP., FAARM., IFMCP. Örtagårdens Bokförlag, 2007.

Plants Used in Mexican Plants Used in Mexican Traditional Medicine Traditional Medicine. Their Application and Effects In Traditional Healing Practices. González Stuart A, Ph.D., Herbal Research Coordinator, UTEP/UT Austin Cooperative Pharmacy Program.

State of the World’s Plants and Fungi 2016, State of the World’s Plants and Fungi 2020. Royal Botanic Garden Kew, United Kingdom.

The Herb Book – The Complete Book and Authoritative Guide to more than 500 Herbs. Lust J, N.D., D.B.M. Bantam Books, USA, 1974.

The Way of Ayurvedic Herbs. Purkh Singh Khalsa K, Tierra M. Lotus Press, USA, 2008.

The Way of Herbs. Tierra M, L.Ac., O.M.D. Pocket Books, USA, 1998.

To Change China: The Rockefeller Foundation’s Century-long Journey in China. Ma Qiusha. Guangxi Normal University Press. 2013.

Välsignade växter – Skrock och fakta om hundra läkeörter. Hewe N. Nova Förlag, 1984.

Örter för livet, andra utgåvan. Vestlund L. Väx Uppåt Bokförlag, 1999.

Övriga studier, rapporter, artiklar, med flera

Abba D et al. 2009. Contamination of herbal medicinal products marketed in Kaduna metropolis with selected pathogenic bacteria. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. Oct 25;6(1):70–7. doi: 10.4314/ajtcam.v6i1.57076. PMID: 20162044; PMCID: PMC2816524.

Abdullahi AA. 2011. Trends and challenges of traditional medicine in Africa. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 8(5 Suppl):115–23. doi: 10.4314/ajtcam.v8i5S.5. PMID: 22754064; PMCID: PMC3252714.

Adachi K et al. 1988. Blood pressure-lowering activity present in the fruit body of Grifola frondosa (maitake). I. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). Mar;36(3):1000–6. doi: 10.1248/cpb.36.1000. PMID: 3409391.

Adhami VM et al. 2009. Cancer chemoprevention by pomegranate: laboratory and clinical evidence. Nutr Cancer. 61(6):811–815. doi:10.1080/01635580903285064.

Agoston DV. 2017. How to Translate Time? The Temporal Aspect of Human and Rodent Biology. Front Neurol. Mar 17;8:92. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2017.00092. PMID: 28367138; PMCID: PMC5355425.

Agu J. 2019. Traditional medicines must be integrated into health care for culturally diverse groups. The Conservation, University of Technology Sydney. May 30, 8.50pm BST.

Al-Aboudi A et al. 2011. Plants used for the treatment of diabetes in Jordan: A review of scientific evidence, Pharmaceutical Biology, 49:3, 221–239, doi: 10.3109/13880209.2010.501802.

Aldridge D. 1991. Single-case research designs for the clinician. J R Soc Med. May;84(5):249-52. PMID: 2040997; PMCID: PMC1293216.

Almeida ER et al. 2000. Toxicological evaluation of the hydro-alcohol extract of the dry leaves of Peumus boldus and boldine in rats. Phytother Res. Mar;14(2):99–102. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1099-1573(200003)14:2<99::aid-ptr600>;2-4. PMID: 10685105.

Amagase H et al. 1984. L.E.M. May be Effective Against Treating Hepatitis B Cases. Abstr. 197 Gastroenterology World Congress, Lisbon, Portugal.

Andreollo NA et al. 2012. Rat’s age versus human’s age: what is the relationship? Arq Bras Cir Dig. Jan–Mar;25(1):49–51. English, Portuguese. doi: 10.1590/s0102-67202012000100011. PMID: 22569979.

Antoniou LD et al. 1977. Reversal of uraemic impotence by zinc. Lancet. Oct 29;2(8044):895–8. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(77)90832-7. PMID: 72240.

Appelbaum D RN et al. 2006. Natural and Traditional Medicine in Cuba: Lessons for U.S. Medical Education, Academic Medicine: December, Volume 81, Issue 12, p 1098–1103. doi: 10.1097/01.ACM.0000246681.34207.a7.

Araújo Neto JF et al. 2021. Cytotoxic Activity of Tropane Alkaloides of Species of Erythroxylum. Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry. Vol 21, No 17, pages 2458–2480. doi:10.2174/1389557521666210119123409.

Arbets- och Miljömedicin. Läkarlinjen. Avd. för arbets- och miljömedicin, Skånes universitetssjukhus i Lund, 2011.

Arctostaphylos Uva-Ursi. Natural extracts (bearberry, wild thyme, and lupine), to tighten and firm the skin. From: Skin Aging Handbook, 2009.

Aronson J. 1999. Please, please me. BMJ. Mar 13;318(7185):716. doi: 10.1136/bmj.318.7185.716. PMID: 10074020; PMCID: PMC1115150.

Asadi-Samani M et al. 2014. The chemical composition, botanical characteristic and biological activities of Borago officinalis: a review. Asian Pac J Trop Med. Sep;7S1:S22–8. doi: 10.1016/S1995-7645(14)60199-1. PMID: 25312125.

Asensi-Fabado MA et al. 2010. Vitamins in plants: occurrence, biosynthesis, and antioxidant function. Trends Plant Sci. Oct;15(10):582-92. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2010.07.003. PMID: 20729129.

Atal CK et al. 1985. Biochemical basis of enhanced drug bioavailability by piperine: evidence that piperine is a potent inhibitor of drug metabolism. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. Jan;232(1):258–62. PMID: 3917507.

Avula B et al. 2008. Quantitative determination of vasicine and vasicinone in Adhatoda vasica by high performance capillary electrophoresis. Die Pharmazie – An International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Volume 63, Number 1, pp. 20–22(3). doi:

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Hemsidor: databaser med monografier, farmakopéer

American Botanical Council –

European Medicines Agency –

WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants –

Web, utvalda, övriga

American Herbal Pharmacopoiea –

Apotekarsocieteteten –

Charak Samhita –

Chinese Pharmacopoeia –

Dr. Duke’s Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases –

European Pharmacopoeia –


Institutet för miljömedicin på Karolinska Institutet –

Kew Plants of the World Online –

King’s American Dispensatory, 1898, Scanned version –

Livsmedelverket –

Läkare för framtiden –

Läkemedelsverket –

Läkemedelsvärlden –

Ngā Tipu Whakaoranga – Māori Plant Use Database –

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center –

Native American Ethnobotany – A Database of Foods, Drugs, Dyes and Fibers of Native American Peoples, Derived from Plants –  

Nature Review Drug Discovery –

Oregon State University, Linus Pauling Institute, Micronutrient Information Center – 

Scientific Communication AB –

Shenet –

Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet Artdatabanken –,

The Gymnosperm Database –

The Herbarium –

The World Checklist of Vascular Plants –

The World Flora Online –

Traditional Knowledge Digital Library –

Uppsala universitet –